Mudigonda Chalukyas – Complete Details

History says that the Mudigonda Chalukyas were based east of the Kakatiya territories. Their origin is the village of Mudigonda (located near modern Khammam), and ruled most of modern-day Khammam district and east area of Warangal between the 8th and 12th centuries. The rule of the Munigonda Chalukyas was between 850 AD – 1200 AD. 

The founder of the Munigonda Chalukyas is Ranamarda. They were originally subordinates of the Chalukyas of Vengi. But later passed under the rule of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani. It is from 1000AD onwards, Bottu Beta and his successors ruled as subordinates of the Kakatiyas.

The history of family of Mudigonda Chalukyas is known to us from the Mogilicheruvula grant of Kusumayudha IV, Kukunuru plates (krivvaka grant) of Kusumaditya and Nattaramesvaram records.

Their kingdom bordered between the kingdoms of Vengi and Malkhed.

Gonagudu I

Kokkiraja, Son

Ruled from Capital Mudigonda.

King Kokkiraja has ruled the kingdom with the help of his brother Ranamarda.

c.850 AD – 870 AD : Ranamarda, Brother

Ranamarda have served the Eastern Chalukyas first and was given Koravi region by them to rule, with Mudigonda as Capital.

According to the inscriptions of Mogilicharla, he developed Manchikonda, Kondapalli as cities and reportedly wore a necklace called ‘Ranamarda Kantiya’ to denote his victories.

870 AD – 895 AD : Kusumayudha I

Kusumayudha I helped in the escape of Vengi Chalukya Bhima I (892 – 921) from Rashtrakuta Vassal Vemulawada Chalukya Baddega I (c.850-895) who showed enormous courage in restoring the Vengi kingdom to Chalukya Bhima. Kusumayudha has 2 sons Vijayaditya Gonaga and Niravadya.

895 AD – 910 AD : Vijayaditya Gonaga / Gonagudu II

Gonagayya lost his kingdom and went to Arikesari II of Vemulawada Chalukyas for help.

910 AD – 935 AD : Niravadya (Nijjayaraja)

The Koravi grant mentions that Niravadya brother of Vijayaditya Gonaga held the throne. Niravadya recaptured Mudigonda in 934 AD. He ruled koravi in warangal as vassal to Vengi Chalukya Bhima II.

935 AD – 960 AD : Kusumayudha II son of Vijayaditya Gonaga ruled Koravi region

960 AD – 980 AD : Vijayaditya

980 AD – 1000 AD : Kusumayudha III

Kusumayudha III had four sons Gonaga, Nijjayaraja, Mallapa and Lobhachalaka.

Gonaga and Nijjayaraja came to the throne successively after the death of Kusumayudha III.

995 AD – Bottu Beta

Viriyala Erra with the support of Western Chalukya King Taila II (973 – 997) killed Kakatiya King Gunda IV (950 – 995). He installed Bottu Beta as the ruler of koravi.

c.1000 AD – 1025 AD : Gonaga

c.1025 AD – 1050 AD : Nijjayaraja

c.1050 AD – 1075 AD : Kusumayudha IV

c.1075 AD – 1100 AD : Betaraja I

c.1100 AD – 1125 AD : Kusumayudha V

c.1125 AD – 1150 AD : Betaraja II

c.1150 AD – 1175 AD : Kusumayudha VI

Kaktiya Rudra deputed general Recherla Rudra in his last days to subdue the Bottu chief of Koravi. Kusumayudha VI along with his ministers Karunadhi pati, Indaparaju and Devaraju was forced to retreat to the forest. So, they had to live underground for 12 years and later recaptured the kingdom.

1175 AD – 1200 AD : Nagatiraja

Nagatiraja was the last prominent ruler of Munigonda Chalukyas dynasty.

Later, Katakana Mahadeva died in 1198 AD and his son Ganapatidev was captured and Nagatiraja attached Kaktia kingdom. Recherla Rudra came to his rescue and chased away Nagatiraja. After the release of Kakatiya Ganapatideva, Nagatiraja annexed the Mudigonda region to the Kaktiya empire. Therefore, the end of the rule of Mudigonda Chalukya dynasty was in c.1200 AD.

1218 AD : According to the Srikakulam inscription, after Nagatiraja loosing his kingdom, he lived in Konalu region.

Bottu Sriramabhadra issued inscription in Gopalaswamy temple at Srikakulam.


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