Wargal village is present in Siddipet district, Telangana State. Rock art and paintings were found at the Wargal village leaving behind history for posterity. The glory of the prehistoric period reflects in the rock paintings of Wargal. This art has thrown the limelight on the rich wildlife and tradition of the Stone Age. Rock arts seem to continue to be the delight of archeological experts and young students even today in the modern world. Central India is the richest zone of all the prehistoric rock art present in India.
The rock art found in the caves of the Siddipet district dates back to the history of 10,000 BCE. These rock paintings found in Siddipet show the love humans had for art and nature as long ago as 10,000 BCE. This art was a representation that a large number of wild animals were present in the State centuries ago. Shambhuni Gutta (Shambu’s Hill) present in the vicinity of the famous Saraswathi temple has already emerged as a great spot for explorations relating to prehistoric times.
The roofs of the caves on the hill are depicted with red color pictures. The archeological department has excavated some of these paintings. But a lot of them remain uncovered and are yet to be explored further. Two archeological experts namely Ramoju Haragopal and Srinivas along with their assistant Chanti tried to decode the message that had been hidden in the form of art.
The team found a painting resembling a creature that looked like a crane and three persons on the southern side of the cave. Among the three persons, one is a female. The paintings on the cave resembled the paintings found at Asthalapur in the Medak district.
Most of the paintings found on the roof of the cave are in the form of scripts. The circles and semi-circles of this script seemed to be difficult to interpret as they belong to neolithic age. Surprisingly, letters that sound ‘Ya’, ‘ka’,’tha’,’ga’ of Brahmi script along with letters of early Telugu are seen on these walls.
On the eastern side of the hill, there lied a a huge rock canvas of 12 feet in height and 25 feet in length. On that rock, different paintings depicting the culture and traditions of that time were represented. Many of these represented oxen, cows with udders, pigs, and a man hunting a tiger. There is another painting representing the man belonging to the neolithic age and his painting is unclear.
All these paintings are made of great skill in those times and some of them are depicted in color and some without colour.
An anthropomorphic drawing found here in the caves resembled the depictions of Neeladri rock art found in the Khammam district. Certain drawings of animals like deer, stags, and tools represent that the scenery belonged to the medieval stone period. With all these evidences, historians confirmed that the period of the paintings spanned from the medieval stone age to the megalithic age.
In India, the highest concentration of rock art sites is situated in the Satpura, Vindhya, and Kaimur Hills. During the evolution, these hills are formed of sandstones. Eventually, with weathering, they had taken the form of rock shelters and caves.
Once upon a time, the Wargal area where the caves are present was a dense forests region. So, it was ecologically ideal for occupation by primitives. The dense forests were used for their habitation in the Stone Age and even in the later periods. Inside the caves, on the walls and ceilings, artists painted their favorite animals or human forms, symbols, and daily life hunting and fighting.