Things to know about Jayakwadi Dam

Jayakwadi Dam

When it is to Maharastra, then there is no doubt that Maharashtra is one of the states which is very rich in history. The state’s architectural monuments are the proof of different dynasties that ruled the state.

Jayakwadi Dam is one of the largest earthen dams in Asia and is located around 52 km away from Aurangabad in Maharashtra. This dam is approximately 9,998 m long and 41.30 m high and forms a reservoir called Nath Sagar Jalashay that has a total storage capacity of 2909 million cubic meters. The dam with 27 water gates was built across the Godavari River to provide the irrigation needs of the drought region of Marathwada. This multipurpose irrigation project was proposed to provide water to the industrial units and the residents of Aurangabad and nearby areas.

This place is very popular for being natural till now and bird lovers because of Nath Sagar Jalashay and the nearby Jayakwadi Bird Sanctuary and Dnyaneshwar Udyan. The another important purpose was to provide drinking water facilities and industrial usage to nearby towns and villages and to the municipalities and industrial areas of Aurangabad and Jalna. 80% water of the dam is meant for irrigation, 5-7% for drinking water and the rest was for industrial purposes. Jayakwadi Dam houses a hydroelectric power plant with a power generating capacity of 12 MW. The dam is also a primary source of water for the Parli Thermal Power Station.

Let’s read about its history, The idea to build a dam was first proposed during the reign of the state of Hyderabad. However, after the division of the state, the plan was revised and the site of the earthen dam was moved to 100 km upstream at Paithan, which was resulted in longer canals that irrigated more parts of the drought areas. It is approximately 30% of dam water is filled with silt, reducing its life and storage capacity. It almost took more than a decade for the completion of this project, which was executed under the expert Chief Engineer A.A.A. Siddiqui. And as soon as the project was completed, Jayakwadi Dam was inaugurated by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 24 February 1976.

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Dnyaneshwar Udyan is one of the largest gardens in the state of Maharashtra which seems like the Brindavan Gardens of Mysore. It is spread over an area of 125 hectares and is situated on the banks of Nath Sagar Lake which was formed due to the Jayakwadi Dam. Jayakwadi Bird Sanctuary is spread across the backwaters of Nath Sagar reservoir, there is a variety of flora and fauna. A wide range of residents and more than 70 species of migratory birds can be found in the sanctuary. Including Siberian migratory birds, Flamingos, Porchards, Cranes, etc. well, the best time to visit the dam is between October and March.

Things to Do at Jayakwadi Dam

  • Far from the rush and busy life of the city, the reservoir Nath Sagar Jalashay is home to over 37 species of flora, including aquatic vegetation like Chara and hydrilla.
  • One can spot flamingos, teals, pintails, and various other migratory and resident birds at Jayakwadi Bird Sanctuary, created near the dam.
  • Dnyaneshwar Udyan is located on the banks of Nath Sagar Lake. With beautiful flowerbeds, lawns, and musical fountains, the garden appears like the renowned Brindavan Gardens of Mysore. This popular tourist area has a swimming pool, a play area for children, and a boating facility.

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