Sensor-based wearables to manage diabetes
Diabetes is a condition where the body doesn’t make enough insulin, it occurs when your blood sugar is too high, in India 1 in 11 people have been diagnosed with diabetes. It is a chronic disorder that needs to be continuous monitoring. Diabetes has been categorized into 3 types
Types of diabetes-
- Type 1- lack of insulin secretion by the pancreas,
- Type 2- due to physical inactivity and an unhealthy diet.
- And 3rd is, Gestational diabetes- caused by insulin-blocking hormones, this type of diabetes only happens during the pregnancy
Worldwide, the changing health behavior is a great issue, about 422 million people worldwide have diabetes. It’s been continuously increasing over the past decade.
As we have now advanced technologies in healthcare industries/medical industries so they can monitor the glucose level. It is been expected that the number of diabetes patients will increase up to 500 million in the next few years or decades. The advancements in the technologies provide us the continuous support and monitoring of patients. People are more suffering from type 2 diabetes including- strokes, heart disease, dental problems, immune system problems, kidney disease, etc. In these recent years, more advanced technologies have been developed which reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by using wearable devices and sensors. Wearable devices are highly used for the recognition of health cases. Monitoring the blood glucose levels using wearable detectors has a vital part of the diabetes treatment revolution today.
In these years, glucose monitoring has been developed by glucose monitoring sensors, wearable devices that measure glucose concentration. The internet of medical things have played an important role in remote medical position and is mainly used to collect the data using wearable devices and sensors and stored them in a database system so that they could be available anytime.
Sensor-based wearable to manage diabetes- first insulin pumps and second is CGM (continuous glucose monitoring) – it has designed to help the help who suffer from diabetes. The new Dexcom CGM system uses a small wearable sensor to measure real-time glucose levels wirelessly.
It has three components-
- Simple Auto Applicator- inserts a small sensor inside the skin
- Sensor and transmitter- a small and slim sensor that measures the glucose level inside your skin and sends data through the transmitter.
- Display devices- a display or android screen which displays the real-time glucose data.
Also Read: Healthy Diet plan for Diabetes Patients
Because CGM is more effective and accurate and maintains the level of glucose. CGM is beneficial for people using multiple daily injections. It applies to the management of people with type 2 diabetes. One of the most important applications of GCN is to compare different types of treatment. CGM may be used in continuous real-time mode (personal mode) or for short periods in a masked mode, sometimes called professional mode.
Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) has been demonstrated to be clinically precious, reducing hazards of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia (deficiency of glucose in the blood) and enhancing patient quality of life for a wide range of patient populations and clinical suggestions. The use of CGM can help reduce HbA1c and mean glucose. An ideal HbA1c level is 48mmol/mol (6.5%) or below. If you’re at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, your target HbA1c level should be below 42mmol/mol (6%).
The latest advancement in the technologies, the internet of medical things has the ability to continuous and remote monitoring of type 2 diabetes. Moreover, wearable devices/sensors can monitor continuously and non-invasively type 2 diabetes.
It can make healthcare easier and more efficient in terms of cost, reliability, affordability, and functioning. Remote healthcare monitoring predicted the future of medical industries. Serve from the latest advances and trends in information technology and communication is vital.
It is widely accepted that wearable sensors and their applications revolutionize the treatment of diabetes and the most challenging part of the world.