Warangal district is home to many prehistoric habitation sites, which were explored by the Indian Archaeological authorities. Among them, Paleolithic Rock art paintings are found at Pandavula gutta (Regonda).
Its a wonderful opportunity to study our ancient history as many remains are found at different regions of the world. Such artworks are often divided into three forms. They are Petroglyphs – art which is carved into the rock surface, Pictographs – art which are painted onto the surface, and Earth figures engraved into the ground. The study of rock art gives us a good insight into our history from pre-historic ages.
Pandava Caves also known as Pandava Guttalu is situated in Thirumalagiri village, Regonda Mandal, Jayashankar Bhupalpally, Telangana, India. In these caves, Pandavas spent their life in exile for a certain period of time in Threta Yug. As, Pandavas lived here, these caves are named as Pandava Guttalu.
These chain of hillocks running across the north-south direction is located about 50 kms from Warangal and about 195 kms from Hyderabad. Pandava Caves are located on Warangal-Mahadevpoor road and 3kms from Regonda are familliarly known as Pandava Guhalu (Caves) or Pandava Guttalu (Hills).
Later people come to know about the caves where Pandavas lived because of one of the boulders portrayed on the walls of the caves. The series of hillockes present here are locally knowns as Mekkabanda, Mugessabanda, Pandi Parvatha, Shakthi Parvatham, Jyothi Parvatham, Puli Parvatham abd Yanadula Guha, Eduru Pandavulu, Kuntidevi, Pancha Pandavlu etc.
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Pandava Caves is an unique Rock Art Site that is historically significant from prehistoric to Medieval times. On the walls of the caves, there are a few natural paintings depicting the lifestyle and their hunting methods.
The paintings depicted on the walls of these caves are of figures of peacocks, lizards, tiger, frogs, fishes, deer etc. The geometrical designs and impressions are depicted in green, red, yellow and white pigment colors. Archaelogists have also found out inscriptions of Rastrakutan times and fresco paintings of late medieval period besides the rock paintings in the caves.
Some of the paintings’ figures were depicted highly developed anatomical features and curves. Rock art is a form of landscape art that includes designs that have been placed on boulder and cliff faces, cave walls and ceilings, and on the ground surface.