Famous Indian Scientists who changed the world
India is a country rich in culture and traditions. India is also far ahead in Science right from ancient times.
In this article, let us discuss some of the great scientists who have changed the face of India in the 20th century.
Sir CV Raman
Sir CV Raman’s original name is Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He was born on the 7th of November in the year 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
He is popularly known for winning a Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1930 for pioneering work on the scattering of light.
Sir CV Raman is the first Asian and the first non-white to receive a Nobel Prize in science.
CV Raman has discovered that light traverses through the transparent material and the reflected light changes in wavelength. His work was named as Raman scattering effect popularly known as the Raman effect.
Raman died naturally on the 21st of November in the year 1970 in his garden of the institute named Raman Research Institute in Bangalore.
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Visvesvaraya’s full name is Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya and was born on the 15th of September in the year 1860. Visvesvaraya was an Engineer, Scholar, Statesman, and the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918.
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was the recipient of the Indian Republic’s highest honor Bharat Ratna. Visvesvaraya has invented ‘Automatic Sluice Gates’ and the ‘Block Irrigation System’ which are considered as brilliant in engineering to date.
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya’s birthday is celebrated as ‘Engineers day’ in India on the 15th of September every year.
Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose was born on the 1st of January in the year 1894 in Calcutta. Bose was an Indian physicist specializing in quantum mechanics.
SN Bose is popularly known for forming the basis of Bose-Einstein statistics. SN Bose’s work is majorly on the Theory of Radiation and ultraviolet catastrophe.
SN Bose has written a short article on Planck’s law and the hypothesis of light quanta and sent it to Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein translated his paper into German and got it published under his name in the year 1924.
Satyendra Nath Bose was awarded India’s second-highest civilian award the Padma Bhushan in the year 1954.
Homi J Bhabha
Homi J Bhabha was born on the 30th of October in the year 1999 in Bombay.
Homi J Bhabha’s full name is Jahangir Baba and he is popular for playing an important role in Quantum theory.
Homi J Bhabha was the first person to become the chairman of the atomic energy commission of India.
In the early days of his career, Homi J Bhabha worked as a physicist in Great Britain and after returning to India he convinced Jawaharlal Nehru to start the ambitious nuclear power program.
Homi J Bhabha is known as the father of Indian Nuclear power. Homi J Bhabha’s death is mysterious till now and he had died in an Air India Flight 101 crash near Montblanc on 24st of January 1966.
S Chandrasekhar was born on the 19th of October in the year 1910 in Lahore, British India. Chandrashekhar was popularly known for winning a Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1983 for his mathematical theory of black holes.
Chandrashekhar was a nephew of CV Raman and he became a citizen of the United States in the year 1953.
S Chandrasekhar died on the 21st of August in the year 1995 at the age of 82 in Chicago.
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Venkatraman Radha Krishnan was born on the 18th of May in the year 1929 in Tondiarpet, Chennai
He is globally famous as a space scientist and a member of The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
He is popularly known for the design and fabrication of ultralight aircraft and sailboats.
Venkatraman Radha Krishnan died at the age of 81 in Bangalore, India.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on the 22nd of December in the year 1887 in Tamil Nadu, India.
Siri Ramanujan is a popular Indian mathematician and autodidact.
Ramanujan is known for making extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, finite series, and continued fractions.
He has gained the knowledge of two college students by the age of 11. Thereafter he had started learning advanced trigonometry written by SL Loni and he completely mastered this book by the age of 13.
Sir Srinivasa Ramanujan faced many health problems due to the scarcity of vegetarian food in England because of world war ii. Ramanujan died at the young age of 32 after returning to India.
His birthday on 22nd December is celebrated as the ‘State IT Day’ memorizing both the man and his achievements.
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